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(Full Text Interview With Great Leader President KIM IL SUNG By Mr. Manju Ratna Sakya, President of Nepal Journalists Association in Pyongyang on 19th June 1979)

06 April, 2015

 (Full Text Interview With Great Leader President KIM IL SUNG By Mr. Manju Ratna Sakya, President of Nepal Journalists Association in Pyongyang on 19th June 1979)

 

h'5] ljrf/wf/fsf] ljZjAofkL k|z+;f

– /fi6«klt lsd On ;'ª

       sf7df8f}+ ÷ k|=h=u= sf]l/ofsf dxfg g]tf tyf /fi6«klt lsd On ;'ª gfpFn] g} ljZj laVoft JolQmTj x'g'x'G5 . k|=h=u= sf]l/ofsf ;+:yfks / ;fd|fHojfbL klZrdL zlQm;Fu 6Ss/ lng] ;+;f/sf Voflt k|fKt JolQmsf] ?kdf /fi6«klt lsd On ;'ªnfO{ glrlgg] sf]O{ gxf]nfg\ . k|=h=u= sf]l/ofsf k"j{ /fi6«klt / ;/sf/ k|d'v /xg' ePsf] sfd/]8 lsd On ;'ª h:tf] dxfg JolQmTj;Fu ;g\ !(&( h'g !( tfl/vsf lbg g]kfn kqsf/ ;+3sf ;efklt d~h' /Tg zfSon] sf]l/ofdf lng' ePsf] cGt/jftf{ clxn]sf] cj:yfdf klg ;fGble{s b]v]/ kf7sx? ;dIf k|:t't u/]sf 5f}+ .

       ;fd|fHojfbL zlQmx?n] clxn] klg k|=h=u= sf]l/ofnfO{ sdhf]/ /fi6«sf] ?kdf k|:t't ug{ vf]Hg' d'Vof{+O{ sfo{ xf] eg] dflg; cfkm\gf] eljio cfkm} lgwf{/0f ug]{ s'/f w|'j;To xf] . cGt/jftf{sf] laj/0f k9\bf o; af/]df dxfg g]tf lsd On ;'ªsf] larf/ oyfy{df cfwfl/t b]lvG5 .

       k|=h=u= sf]l/ofsf dxfg g]tf /fi6«klt lsd On ;'ª l;t g]kfn kqsf/ ;+3sf ;efklt d~h' /Tg zfson] lng' ePsf] cGtjf{tf{sf] k"0f{ laj/0f o; k|sf/ 5 M

      k|Zg M /fi6«klt lsd On ;'ªn] k|ltkfbg ug'{ ePsf] h'5] ljrf/wf/fn] ljZjJofkL k|z+;f kfPsf] 5 . o;sf] ;fy} of] dxfg ljrf/wf/fn] ljZjel/ ;fDojfbL lzlj/ / ;fDojfb–lj/f]wL lzlj/ b'j}nfO{ ;dfg ?kn] ulx/f] k|efj kf/]sf] 5 . dxfdlxdHo", of] ljrf/wf/fsf] k5fl8 /x]sf] k|]/0ffbfoL tTj s] xf] eGg]af/] / ljZjdf o;sf] k|efjaf/] s[kof AofVof ul/lbg' xf];\ .

      pQ/ M h'5] ljrf/wf/f, ;f/ ?kdf, dflg;df s]lGb|t  ljZj–b[li6sf]0f xf] . of] ljrf/wf/f cfd hgtfsf :jfwLgtf -rfh';f]ª_ ;fsf/ kfg]{ qmflGtsf/L ljrf/ xf] . dflg; g} ;ayf]ssf] dflns xf] / dflg;n] g} ;ayf]ssf] lg0f{o ub{5 eGg] bfz{lgs l;4fGtsf] cfwf/df dflg;n] cfkm\gf] efUo lgdf{0f ug]{ ;xL af6f] h'5] ljrf/wf/fn] b]vfpF5 .

       ;a k|sf/sf k|e'Tj / cflwkTosf] lj?4 tyf cfkm\gf] ;fdflhs tyf juL{o d'lQm / /fli6«o d'lQmsf nflu nfdf] ;do;Dd nlu;s]sf xfd|f hgtfn] h'5] ljrf/wf/f k|fKt ul/;s] kl5 dfq pgLx? cfkm\gf] efUosf] ;Rrf dflns aGg / cfkm\g} k|oTgn] cfkm\gf] efUonfO{ ;kmntf;fy lgdf{0f ug{ ;dy{ x'g ;s] .

       s'g} k|ultzLn ljrf/wf/fn] Oltxf;sf] k|ultdf kfg]{ k|efjsf] dfq s] s'/fdf lge{/ ub{5 eg] To; ljrf/wf/fn] hgtfsf cfsf+Iff / To; ;dosf] cfjZostfx?sf] k|ltlaDa 7Ls x'g] u/L ub{5 . h'5] ljrf/wf/fn] ljZjAofkL k|z+;f kfPsf] 5 / o;n] ljZjnfO{ ulx/f] k|efj kf/]sf] 5 egL tkfO{n] eGg' eof] . d]/f] ljrf/df o:tf] x'gfsf] 7Ls sf/0f s] xf] eg] h'5] ljrf/wf/fn] cfd hgtfsf :jfwLgtfsf cfsf+Iff / jt{dfg ;dosf] cfjZostf k|ltlalDat ub{5 / pgLx?n] cfkm\gf] :jfwLgtfsf ;fsf/ kfg]{ ;+3if{df lng' kg]{ af6f] o;n] pHofnf] kfl/lbG5 .

       s'g} klg k|sf/sf] cflwkTo / ;a} aGwgaf6 d'Qm eP/ :jfwLg ?kn] lhpg' ;fdflhs k|f0fL dflg;sf] :jfefljs OR5f xf] . ;+;f/df s'g} klg dflg; csf]{ dflg;sf] bf; eP/ lhpg rfxFb}g . ;+;f/sf] dflnssf] ?kdf cfkm\gf] efUo :jfwLg ?kn] agfpg' ;a} dflg;x?sf] ;femf OR5f xf] . s'g} klg k|sf/sf] k|e'Tj / cflwkTonfO{ lgd"{n ug'{ / cfd hgtf g} o;sf] ;Rrf dflns eGg :jfwLg gofF ;+;f/ lgdf{0f ug'{ jt{dfg o'usf] cfjZostf xf] .

       cfd hgtf cfkm} g} cfkm\gf] :jfwLgtf k|fKt ug{ ;dy{ 5g\ . dflg; ;+;f/sf] ;aeGbf zlQmzfnL k|f0fL xf] . dflg;df cfkm\gf] efUo cfkm}n] agfpg] l;h{gfTds Ifdtf 5 . dflg;x? Pp6f ;fdflhs ;dli6sf] ?kdf b/f]l;t Psu7 eP kl5 ckf/ zlQm k|fKt ub{5 / pgLx?sf] of] ;+o'Qm zlQm g} k|s[lt / ;dfhnfO{ abNg] sfddf lg0ff{os tTj aG5 .

       k|s[lt ;dfhnfO{ abNg] nIo lnPsf] qmflGt / lgdf{0fåf/f cfd hgtfn] cfkm\gf] efUosf] lgdf{0f ub{5 . cfd hgtfg} qmflGt / lgdf{0fsf dflns x'g' / qmflGt tyf lgdf{0fnfO{ cufl8 xfFSg] zlQm x'g' / clg cfd hgtfn] dflns ;'xfpFbf] wf/0ff lnP/ tyf :jfwLgtf l;h{gfTdstfsf] cl8u b[li6sf]0f lnP/ qmflGt / lgdf{0fnfO{ cufl8 a9fP eg] pgLx? kSs} ljhoL x'g] 5g\ eGg] qmflGtsf/L ;TonfO{ h'5] ljrf/wf/fn] k|blz{t ub{5 . hgtfn] of] qmflGtsf/L ;TonfO{ a'em]kl5, pgLx?n] cfkm\gf] P]ltxfl;s cleef/faf/] /fd|/L hfGg] 5g\, cfkm\gf] zlQmdf ljZjf; u/]/ cfkm\gf] :jfwLgtfsf] nflu n8\g] 5g\ . cfd hgtfn] :jfwLgtfsf] efjgf lnP/ :jfwLgtfsf] af6f]df nfUg' :jfefljs o'lQmk"0f{ 5 .

       xfd|f hgtfsf] uf}/jk"0f{ Oltxf;n] h'5] ljrf/wf/f 7Ls 5 eGg] s'/f k|dfl0ft ub{5 . hgtfsf] :jfwLgtf ;fsf/ kfg]{ ;+3if{sf] qmddf eljiosf 36gfx?n] h'5] ljrf/wf/fsf] ;xLkgf / ;hLj zlQm cem :ki6 ?kn] l;4 ug]{ 5 .

      k|Zg M ;+;f/sf w]/}h;f] d'n'sx?df ;fDojfbL Joj:yfx? 9Nb} uPsf] / ;fd|fHojfbL zlQmx?n] ;fDojfbnfO{ lgd"{n kfg{ if8\oGq ul//x]sf] a]nfdf k|hftflGqs hg–u0ftGq sf]l/ofn] ;fDojfbsf] ljrf/wf/fdf b/f]l;t cl8/xg dfq xf]Og ToxL /fhg}lts bz{gsf] cfwf/df cfkm\gf hgtfnfO{ ;j{tf]d'vL–pGgltsf] af6f]df cufl8 nflu/xg klg ;dy{ ePsf] ;fFRr} g} Psbd cfZro{sf] s'/f xf] . dxfdlxHo", tkfO{n] d'n'sdf o:tf] x'gfsf] k5fl8 /x]sf] k|]/s zlQm s] 5 AofVof ul/lbg' x'G5 ls <

      pQ/ M ;dfhjfbsf] lj?4 ;fd|fHojfbLx?sf rfnafhLx?n] ubf{ jt{dfg kl/l:ylt lgs} hl6n ePsf] 5 . ;dfhjfb / ;fd|fHojfbsf aLrdf uDeL/ cGtlj{/f]w / ;+3if{ cGt/f{li6«o /+ud+rdf rln/x]sf] 5 / o;sf] qmddf cg]sf}+ ck|Toflzt / hl6n 36gfx? Ps kl5 csf]{ 3l6/x]sf 5g\ .

       t}klg, xfd|f hgtfn] clnslt klg g8udofO{sg qmflGtsf] em08f kmx/fP/ ;dfhjfbsf] af6f]df b/f]l;t cufl8 al9g} /x]sf 5g\ .

       jf:tjdf ;fd|fHojfbLx?n] ;dfhjfb–lj/f]wL rfnafhLx?sf] d"n tf/f] agfO/x]sf] t xfd|f] d'n'snfO{ xf] . cfkm\gf] d'n's ljeflht /x]sf] / ;fd|fHojfbLx?l;t ;Lwf d'7e]8 eO/x]sf] cj:yfdf /x]/ xfd|f hgtfn] ;dfhjfbsf] lgdf{0f ug{ / cfkm\gf] d'n'ssf] PsLs/0f ug{ s8f d]xgt ul//x]sf 5g\ . xfd|f] d'n'sdf ;dfhjfb / ;fd|fHojfbsf] aLrdf tLj| ;+3if{ /x]sf] 5 eGg ;lsG5 . t}klg, xfd|f hgtf cl8u ;+sNk;fy ;dfhjfbsf] nIosf nflu b[9tf;fy cl8/x]sf 5g\, / o;sf] /x:o s] xf] eGg] s'/f clxn] w]/} dflg;x?n] hfGg rfxg] ljifo ePsf] 5 .

       jt{dfg hl6n kl/l:yltdf klg xfd|f] d'n'sdf ;dfhjfbn] ljho ;fy cufl8 al9/x]sf] 5, o;sf] sf/0f s] xf] eg] ;aeGbf klxnf] s'/f t, xfd|f] qmflGtsf] ky–k|bz{s ljrf/wf/f ;xL 5 / ;dfhjfbk|lt xfd|f hgtfsf] ljZjf; b[9 5 .

       ;dfhjfbsf] ;kmntf ;fy lgdf{0f ug{ ;xL ky–k|bz{s ljrf/wf/f x'g' h?/L 5 . ky–k|bz{s ljrf/wf/fn] g} ;fdflhs–P]ltxfl;s cfGbf]ngdf lbzf ;"rs oGqsf] e"ldsf lnG5 . ;dfhjfb / ;fDojfbsf] lgdf{0f eGg dfgj hfltsf] cfbz{ ;fsf/ kfg]{ kljq nIo xf] / gofF af6f] klxNofpg] sl7g ;+3if{ klg xf] . ;dfhjfbsf] lgdf{0f ul//x]sf d'n'sx?sf leGg leGg ljz]iftfx? 5g\ / ltgLx?sf kl/l:ylt klg leGg leGg 5g\ . To;sf/0f cfkm\g} ;xL ky–k|bz{s ljrf/wf/f glnO{sg s'g} Pp6f tof/L–;"qsf] jf c? d'n'sx?n] k|of]u u/]sf t/Lsfx?sf] gsn u/]/ ;kmntf ;fy ;dfhjfbsf lgdf{0f ug'{ c;Dej 5 . cfh ljkmntf / uf]ndfn ef]lu/xg k/]sf c? s]xL d'n'sx?sf kf7af6 of] s'/f :ki6 b]vfPsf] 5 .

       sf]l/ofnL hgtfn] cfkm\g} ky–k|bz{s ljrf/wf/f, h'5] ljrf/wf/f k|of]u u/]/ of] b]zdf cfkm\g} 9+usf] clt pQd ;dfhjfbsf] lgdf{0f u/]sf 5g\, pgLx?sf] ;dfhjfb :jfwLgtf, cfTd lge{/tf / cfTd lge{/ /fli6«o k|lt/Iffsf b/f] cfwf/df l:y/ ?kn] ljsl;t x'Fb} uO/x]sf] 5 .

       xfd|f] ;dfhjfbdf ;a} kIfdf h'5] ljrf/wf/fn] d"t{ ?k lnO;s]sf] 5 / of] ;dfhjfbsf] ;f/e"t :j?k s'g tYodf /x]sf] 5 eg] xfd|f] ;dfh Ps ;Rrf hg–;dfg xf], h'g ;dfhsf] ;Rrf dflns cfd hgtf x'g\ / h'g ;dfhdf ;ayf]sn] cfd hgtfsf] ;]jf ub{5 . xfd|f] ;dfhjfbL Joj:yfdf xfd|f] hgtfsf] klxn]sf] hLjgfj:yfdf cfd"n kl/jt{g eO;s]sf] 5 / xfd|f] ;dfhsf ;a} ;b:ox?n] ;'vL / ;Ddflgt hLjg k"/fk"/ pkef]u ub}{ cfkm\gf cfzf / cfbz{x?nfO{ ;fsf/ kfl//x]sf 5g\ . clxn] pgLx?n] k"0f{ /fhg}lts :jtGqtf / clwsf/x? kfPsf :jfwLg hgtfsf ?kdf cToGt d"Nojfg /fhg}lts hLjg latfO/x]sf 5g\ / pQd tyf ;d[4 ljrf/wf/fTds tyf ;f+:s[lts hLjgsf ;fy} :j:y / ;dfgtfk"0f{ ef}lts hLjg pkef]u ul//x]sf 5g\ .

       cfkm\g} cg'ejaf6 xfd|f hgtf s] s'/fdf ljZj:t ePsf 5g\ eg] dflg;df s]lGb|t xfd|} 9+usf] ;dfhjfbL ;dfh g} ;aeGbf /fd|f] ;dfh xf] / of] ;dfhn] zf]if0f / bdgaf6 d'Qm eP/ :jfwLg ?kn] afFRg rfxg] dflg;sf] cGtlg{lxt OR5f k"/f ub{5 . xfd|f hgtf cfkm"n] latfO/x]sf] ;dfhjfbL hLjgk|lt 7"nf] uf}/j / lgs} dfofsf] efjgf /fVb 5g\ . xfd|f] d'n'sdf ;dfhjfbn] hgtfsf] dgdf ulx/f] h/f lnO;s]sf] 5 / ;dfhjfbdf pgLx?sf] cf:yf slxNo} klg 6'6\g ;ls+b}g .

       xfd|f] d'n'sdf ;dfhjfbn] cl8u ?kn] ljhok"j{s lg/Gt/ cufl8 al9g} /x]sf] s'/fsf] Pp6f sf/0f s] xf] eg]  xfd|f] kf6L{ zlQmzfnL 5 / kf6L{ tyf cfd hgtf dg / p2]Zodf 7f]; ?kn] Ps ePsf 5g\ .

       dhb"/ juL{o kf6L{ qmflGt / lgdf{0fnfO{ ljhodf k'¥ofpg ky–k|bz{s ug]{ g]t[TjbfoL /fhg}lts ;+u7g xf], of] qmflGtnfO{ cufl8 xfFSg] zlQmsf] leqL sbf–u'bL xf] . To;sf/0f kf6L{sf] an / kf6L{n] lng] g]t[Tjsf/L e"ldsf g} qmflGt / lgdf{0fsf] ljhosf lg0ff{os tTj x'g\ .

       sf]l/ofnL dhb"/ kf6L{ hfkfg–lj/f]wL qmflGtsf/L ;+3if{sf] ulx/f] h/faf6 pd|]sf] h'5] vfnsf] qmflGtsf/L kf6L{ xf] / ;+3if{sf] ;d[4 cg'ej Pj+ vfl/Psf] g]t[Tj–Ifdtf ePsf] kl/kSj kf6L{ xf] . xfd|f] kf6L{n] h'5] ljrf/wf/fdf cfwfl/t ;xL ;+3if{sf] nIo / qmflGtsf/L gLltx? lnP/ ;+3if{sf] x]t'nfO{ ljhosf] af6f]lt/ 8f]¥ofO/x]sf] 5 .

       xfd|f] d'n'sdf ch]o sf]l/ofnL dhb"/ kf6L{ clxn] qmflGtsf/L k+lQmsf] s]Gb|df b/f]l;t plePsf] 5 / lgs} nfdf] qmflGtsf/L ;+3if{sf] cjlwdf kf6L{l;t cfkm\gf] efUo ufF;]/ cfPsf cfd hgtf kf6L{sf] k5fl8 lgs6 ?kn] Ps u7 ePsf 5g\ . xfd|f] kf6L{n] cfd hgtfnfO{ slxNo} gl/lQg] zlQmsf] ;|f]tsf]] ?kdf ljZjf; ub{5 / pgLx? s} e/df /x]/ ;+3if{ ub{5, xfd|f hgtfn] cfkm\gf] efUonfO{ kf6L{sf] lhDdfdf k"/} ;'Dk]sf] 5 / kf6L{sf] g]t[TjnfO{ jkmfbf/L ;fy ;dy{g ub{5 . Pp6} l;Ë} ;fdflhs–/fhg}lts z/L/ em}+ Ps l9Ssf eO{ hf]l8Psf] xfd|f] kf6L{ / cfd hgtfsf aLrsf] Pstf / ;Da4tfnfO{ s'g} rLhn] klg tf]8\g ;Sb}g .

       dxfg sf]l/ofnL dhb"/ kf6L{n] qmflGt / lgdf{0fdf g]t[Tj lbO/x]sf] / kf6L{ tyf cfd hgtf Pp6f l;Ëf] ;fdflhs–/fhgLlts z/L/sf] ?kdf Ps l9Ssf eO{ hf]l8P/ xfd|f] qmflGtsf] gtf]l8g] k|]/s–zlQm ag]sf] tYo g} xfd|f] ;dfhjfbsf] cljgfdL ;|f]t / xfd|f ;a} ljhox?sf] kSsf Uof/]06L xf] .

       ljZj kl/l:ylt hlQs} hl6n eP klg / h:tf];'s} xfjf ax] klg xfd|f] kf6L{ / xfd|f hgtf ;dfhjfbsf] af6f]df cGt;Dd} nfUg k"0f{ ?kn] ;+slNkt 5g\ . ;dfhaf6 cufl8 a9\b} hfFbf afËfl6Ëf / hl6n 36gfx?sf] ;fdgf ug'{ kg]{ x'g ;Sb5, t/ ;dfhjfbsf] ljho kSs} x'G5, clnslt klg ;Gb]x 5}g . ;dfhjfbsf] lgdf{0fdf hlt hlt k|ult x'Fb} hfG5, Tolt g} a9L /fd|f] hLjg pkef]u ug{ kfpg] 5f}+ egL xfd|f hgtf k"0f{ ?kn] ljZj:t  eP/ pHHjn cfzf lnO{ a;]sf 5g\ . pgLx? h'5] ljrf/wf/fsf] kmx/fPsf] em08fd'lg cem a9L d]xgt u/]/ ;dfhjfbsf] nIo pHHjntf ;fy k"/f ug]{ 5g\ .       

      k|Zg M sf]l/ofsf] PsLs/0f k|fKt ug{sf] nflu k|oTgx? eO/x]sf 5g\ / xfn} dfq klg pQ/–blIf0f pRr–:t/Lo jftf{ ePsf] 5 . /fi6«sf] ljefhgsf] z'?b]lv g} k|=h=u= sf]l/ofn] s'g} ljb]zL x:tIf]k lagf zflGtk"0f{ /fli6«o PsLs/0fsf] of] nIo l56f] k|fKt ug]{ OR5f u/]sf] 5 . ljZjsf ;a} zflGtk"0f{ dflg;x?n] klg of] PsLs/0fsf] nflu cfkm\gf] lbn}b]lv cfzf AoQm ul//x]sf 5g\ . dxfdlxdHo"sf] of] ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfgdf s]xL k|sfz kfl/lbg' x'G5 ls <

      pQ/ M xfd|f] kf6L{n] xfd|f] u0ftGqsf] ;/sf/n] /fli6«o PsLs/0f k|fKt ug]{ k|oTgdf :jfwLgtf, zflGtk"0f{ PsLs/0f / dxfg /fli6«o Pstfsf tLg j6f l;4fGtx? l:y/ ?kn] kfng u/]sf] 5 .

       oL tLg l;4fGtn] /fli6«o PsLs/0fsf] k|Zgsf] ;DaGwdf xfd|f] /fi6«sf] cfkm\g} c8fg / OR5fn] k|ltlglwTj ub{5 . /fi6«sf] PsLs/0f ug{sf] nflu oL tLg j6f l;4fGtx? /fli6«o PsLs/0fsf] lglDt ;aeGbf o'lQmk"0f{ sfo{qmd xf], h'g sfo{qmd ;a} sf]l/ofnLx?sf] :jfwLgtfsf] cfsf+Iffl;t / pgLx?sf] d"ne"t lxtl;t ldNb5 / ;fy} xfd|f] o'usf] k|jfxl;t / ljZjsf k|ultzLn hgtfsf cfsf+Iffl;t klg ldNb5 .

       xfd|f] d'n'snfO{ :jfwLg ?kn], zflGtk"0f{ t/Lsfn] / dxfg /fli6«o Pstfsf] l;4fGtsf] cfwf/df PsLs/0f ug{sf] nflu ;aeGbf oyfy{k"0f{ / hfoh af6f] pQ/ / blIf0fnfO{ Pp6f dxf;+3 /fHosf] ?kdf hf]8\g' xf] .

       k|hftflGqs dxf;+3Lo u0ftGq sf]of]{sf] :yfkgf ug]{ ;DaGwdf xfd|f] u0ftGqsf] ;/sf/sf] gLlt s] xf] eg] pQ/ / blIf0fsf ljrf/wf/fx? / ;fdflhs Joj:yfx?nfO{ oyfjt\ sfod /fVg] tyf pQ/ / blIf0f Pp6} PsLs[t /fHo :yfkgf ug]{ / To;sf] cGtu{t pQ/ / blIf0f b'j}n] a/fa/ clwsf/ kfpg] / a/fa/ st{Jo k"/f ug]{ lsl;dn] If]qLo :jfoQtf sfod /fVg] . clxn] xfd|f] b]zsf] pQ/L / blIf0fL efudf leGg leGg ljrf/wf/f / ;fdflhs Joj:yf 5g\ . o:tf] kl/l:yltdf Pp6fn] csf]{nfO{ gvfg] / Pp6fåf/f csf]{ gvfOg] u/L b]znfO{ Gofok"0f{ / zflGtk"0f{ t/Lsfn] PsLs/0f ug]{ Ps dfq pkfo s] xf] eg] Ps /fi6« Ps /fHo / b'O{ Joj:yf b'O{ ;/sf/sf] cfwf/df dxf;+3 :yfkgf ug]{ .

       clxn] blIf0f sf]l/ofdf s]xL dflg;x?n] csf]]{ b]z PsLs/0f ePsf] t/LsfnfO{ gSsn u/]/ æJoj:yf PsLs/0fÆ eGg] s'/fsf] ;dy{g ub}{5g\ . o;sf] cy{ Ps kIfsf] ;fdflhs Joj:yfnfO{ km}nfP/ csf]{ kIf;Dd k'¥ofpg] xf] . xfd|f] b]zsf] kl/l:yltdf Joj:yfx?nfO{ hf]8]/ Pp6} agfO{ d'n'ssf] PsLs/0f ug'{ c;Dej 5 . olb pQ/ jf blIf0fn] cfkm\g} ljrf/wf/f / ;fdflhs Joj:yfnfO{ csf]{ kIfdf hjh{:tL nfb]/ csf]{ kIf;Dd km}nfpg] xf] eg] d'n'ssf] PsLs/0f slxNo} klg x'g ;Sb}g / cem of] eGbf klg v/fj s] x'G5 eg] bfh'efOn] k/:k/ dfg]{ ;+3if{ pQ/ / blIf0fsf] aLrdf kSs} z'? x'g hfG5 . æJoj:yf PsLs/0fÆ sf] cy{, clGtd ljZn]if0fdf t, /fli6«o PsLs/0f g} TofUg] x'G5 . of] s'/f t d'n'snfO{ ljeflht /fVg vf]lh/xg]x?sf] nflu 5n5fd 5f]Kg] t/Lsf afx]s s]xL xf]Og .

       sf]l/ofsf] pQ/ blIf0f efudf /xg] b'O{6f Joj:yf / b'O{6f ;/sf/ sfod /fv]/ d'n'snfO{ Ps /fi6« / Ps /fHosf] ?kdf PsLs/0f ug'{ sfof{lGjt ug{ ;lsg] PsLs/0f ;DaGwL k|:tfj dfq xf]Og, xfd|f] d'n'ssf] jf:tljs l:yltnfO{ ;'xfpg] Gofok"0f{ gLlt klg xf] . of] k|:tfjsf] c7f]6 cg';f/ xfd|f] d'n'ssf] PsLs/0f kl5 s'g} c? /fi6«sf] lk5nUu" gx'g] / Ps t6:y /fi6« x'gfn] of] k|:tfj xfd|f l5d]sdf /x]sf d'n'sx?sf hgtfx?sf] / ljZjel/sf zflGtk|]dL hgtfx?sf] OR5fl;t klg d]n vfG5 .

       /fli6«o PsLs/0f ;fsf/ kfg{sf nflu ;aeGbf klxnf] / ;aeGbf h?/L cleef/f sf]l/ofnL k|foåLkdf tgfj sd ug'{ / /fli6«o PsLs/0fsf] nflu zflGtk"0f{ jftfj/0f l;h{gf ug'{ xf] .

       clxn] xfd|f] d'n'ssf] pQ/ blIf0f efunfO{ 5'6\ofpg] ;}lgs ;Ldf+sg /]vfsf] b'j}lt/ k/:k/ d'vfd'v ag]sf ljzfn ;z:q ;]gf /x]sf 5g\ . of] g} sf]l/ofnL k|foåLkdf lg/Gt/ tgfjsf] sf/0f xf] . tgfj sd gkf/Lsg pQ/ / blIf0fsf] aLrdf untkmxdL / cljZjf; cGt ug{, /fli6«o d]nldnfk / Pstf Nofpg' / zflGtk"0f{ t/Lsfn] d'n'ssf] PsLs/0f k|fKt ug{ c;Dej 5 . sf]l/ofnL k|foåLkdf tgfj sd kfg]{ / zflGt kSsf kfg]{ OdfGbf/Lk"0f{ OR5f lnP/ xfd|f] u0ftGqsf] ;/sf/n] s] c8fg lnPsf] 5 eg] pQ/ / blIf0fsf] aLrdf cgfqmd0f 3f]if0ff kfl/t xf];\, k|hftflGqs hgu0ftGq sf]l/of / ;+o'Qm /fHo cd]l/sfsf] aLrdf zflGt–;GwL ;DkGg xf];\ / pQ/ tyf blIf0fsf ;z:q ;]gfsf] ;+Vof qmlds ?kn] 36fP/ Ps nfveGbf sdsf] txdf k'¥ofOof];\ . xfd|f] k|:tfj sfof{lGjt ul/of] eg] cfh;Dd /x]sf] sf]l/ofnL k|foåLksf] d'7e]8 / o'4lj/fdsf] l:yltsf] cGt ug{, pQ/ blIf0fsf] aLrdf /x]sf] cljZjf; / untkmxdL cGt ug{ / /fli6«o PsLs/0fsf] nflu ;aeGbf a9L cg's"n jftfj/0f l;h{gf ug{ ;Dej x'g]5 .

       s'/fsfgL a9fpg' xfd|f] d'n'ssf] PsLs/0fsf] k|Zgsf] zflGtk"0f{ ;dfwfg kQf nufpgsf nflu Ps h?/L af6f] xf] .

       d'n'ssf] PsLs/0f eGg' ;Dk"0f{ /fi6«sf] efUol;t ;DalGwt dxTjk"0f{ ljifo ePsf] x'gfn] PsLs/0fsf] lgldQ ul/g] s'/fsfgL klg ;Dk"0f{ /fi6«sf] nflu s'/fsfgL cyf{t\ k|zf;lgs clwsf/Lx? /fhg}lts kf6L{x?, ;fdflhs ;+u7gx? / ;dfhsf ;a} kIfsf hgtfx?sf] OR5fsf] k|hftflGqs k|ltlglwTj x'g] s'/fsfgL x'g' kb{5 . k|wfgdGqLx?åf/f g]t[Tj ul/Psf pRr :t/Lo k|ltlglwd08nx?sf aLrsf] s'/fsfgL pQ/ blIf0fn] /fi6«sf] ljefhg ePb]lv otf klxnf] k6s clxn] cfof]hgf u/]sf 5g\ . pQ/–blIf0f ;DaGwsf] ;'wf/ / d'n'ssf] PsLs/0fsf] ;DefjgfnfO{ a9fpg] /fd|f] s'/f of] xf] eGg] dnfO{ nfUb5 . eljiodf klg xfdLn] pQ/–blIf0f pRr–:t/Lo s'/fsfgL nufot pQ/ / blIf0fsf] aLr PsLs/0fsf nflu ljleGg If]qdf s'/fsfgLnfO{ km/flsnf] kfg{ / ljsl;t kfg{ x/ ;Dej k|oTg ug]{ 5f}+ .

       PsLs/0fsf] nIo xfd|f] /fi6«sf] :jfwLgtf k|fKt ug]{ ;Dk"0f{ /fi6«s} nIo xf] / /fli6«o PsLs/0fsf] k|]/s zlQm ;Dk"0f{ sf]l/ofnL /fi6« xf] . pQ/, blIf0fdf / ljb]zdf a:g] xfd|f ;a} b]zjf;L aGw'x?n] Ps} dtn] d'n'ssf] :jfwLg / zflGtk"0f{ PsLs/0f rfxG5g\ / dxfg /fli6«o Pstfsf] em08f cGtu{t /x]/ /fli6«o PsLs/0fsf] p2]ZonfO{ k|fKt ug{ axfb'/L ;fy plq/x]sf 5g\ . cfh xfd|f] /fi6sf] PsLs/0flt/sf] k|jfx klxn] slxNo} geP hltdfly p7]sf] 5 / d'n'ssf] PsLs/0fsf] lglDt cfGbf]ng gofF lzv/df k'Ub}5 . ljZjsf k|ultzLn hgtfn] klg xfd|f hgtfnfO{ d'n'ssf] PsLs/0fsf] nIodf alnof] ;dy{g / k|f]T;fxg lbO/x]sf 5g\ .

       aflx/L zlQmx?åf/f s[lqd ?kn] ljeflht kfl/Psf] /fi6« k]ml/ PsLs[t x'g' Oltxf;sf] cjZoDefjL s'/f xf] . d'n'snfO{ ljeflht /fVg rfxg] :jb]z leqsf / ljb]zsf dflg;x?n] h:tf];'s} of]hgf rnfP klg pgLx?n] d'n'snfO{ PsLs/0f ug]{ ;Dk"0f{ /fi6«sf] cl8u OR5fnfO{ tf]8\g ;Sb}gg\, / /fli6«o PsLs/0flt/sf] ;fdfGo k|jfxnfO{ /f]Sg klg ;Sb}gg\ . xfdLdf /fli6«o PsLs/0fsf] ;Defjgfsf] cfzfjfbL b[li6sf]0f 5 . ;g\ !(() sf] bzsleq /fli6«o PsLs/0f ;DkGg kfg]{ xfd|f] hgtfsf] cfzf / nIo kSs} ;fsf/ x'g] s'/fdf xfdL ljZj:t 5f}+ .

      k|Zg M g]kfn / k|hftflGqs hg–u0ftGq sf]l/ofsf] aLrsf] d}qL ;DaGw lg/Gt/ a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 / xfd|f b'O{ d'n'sx?sf aLrdf slxNo} klg s'g} ;d:of cfPsf] 5}g . dxfdxLdHo", of] pT;fxk|b ultljlwaf/] oxfFsf] s] wf/0ff 5 / ldqtf tyf kf/Dkl/s ;xof]u / ;b\efjgfsf oL ;DaGwx?nfO{ cem ;'b[9 kfg{sf nflu oxfFsf s] ;'emfjx? 5g\ <

      pQ/ M sf]l/of / g]kfnsf aLrsf] ;DaGw klxn]b]lv g} cg's"n ?kn] a[l4 x'Fb}5 . ;g\ !(&$ sf] d] dlxgfdf k|hftflGqs hg–u0ftGq sf]l/of / g]kfnsf aLrdf bf}To–;DaGw :yfkgf ePb]lv b'O{ b]zsf hgtfx?n] /fhg}lts, cfly{s, ;fF:s[lts / c? If]qx?df k/:k/ ;dy{g / ;xof]u ub}{ cfO/x]sf 5g\ . clxn] sf]l/of / g]kfnsf] aLrdf d}qL / ;xof]usf] ;DaGw b'O{ b]zsf ;/sf/x? / hgtfx?sf] ;+o'Qm k|oTgn] ubf{ lbg k/lbg emg emg /fd|f] x'Fb} uO/x]sf] 5 .

       sf]l/of / g]kfn b'j} d'n'sx? c;+nUgtf, zflGt / d}qLsf cfbz{x?nfO{ 7"nf] dxTj lbg] :jfwLg d'n'sx? x'g\ . xfd|f b'O{ b]zsf] ;DaGw k/:k/ ;b\efjgf / ljZjf;df cfwfl/t ;dfgtfsf ;Rrf d}qL / ;xof]usf ;DaGw x'g\ . eljiodf oL ;DaGwx?nfO{ lg/Gt/ / cg's"n ?kn] a[l4 ub}{ nUg] /fd|f] ;Defjgf xfd|f b'O{ b]zl;t 5 .

       sf]l/of / g]kfn b'j} b]z Plzofdf /x]sf 5g\ . cfh Plzofn] cGt/f{li6«o ;d'bfosf] Wofg cfslif{t ub}{ ljsf;sf] gofF r/0fdf k|j]z ul//x]sf] 5 . PlzofnL hgtf d]xgtL / k|ltefzfnL 5g\ / pgLx?df :jfwLgtfsf] alnof] efjgf 5 . k|fs[lts / ef}uf]lns cj:yfsf] b[li6n] x]bf{, Plzofdf b|'t ultn] pGglt ug]{ 7"nf] ;DefJo–zlQm 5 . PlzofnL hgtfn] ;fd|fHojfbL cfqmd0f / x:tIf]ksf] lj/f]w ug}{ kb{5, lat]sf] ;don] 5f]8]sf] k5f}k]6g / u/LaLaf6 cfkm"nfO{ d'Qm kfg'{ kb{5 / Ps :jfwLg, zflGtk"0f{ / pGgt gofF Plzofsf] lgdf{0f ug'{ kb{5 . o;sf] nflu Plzofsf d'n'sx?n] Psa4tf / ;xof]unfO{ cem a9L a[l4 ug'{ kb{5 .

       sf]l/of / g]kfnn] cfkm\gf] d}qL / ;xof]u lj:t[t / ljsl;t kfgf{n] b'O{ b]zsf hgtfnfO{ gofF ;dfh lgdf{0f ug]{ sfddf d2t ldNb5 / ;fy} PlzofnL hgtfsf] aLrsf] Psa4tf / PlzofnL /fi6«x?sf] aLrsf] ;xof]u ;'b[9 kfg{df klg of]ubfg ldNb5 .

       :jfwLgtfsf] lxdfot ug]{ ;a} d'n'sx?l;t Pstfj4 x'g' / vf; u/L Plzofsf dn'sx?l;t d}qL / ;xof]usf] ;DaGw cem a9fpg' xfd|f] u0ftGqsf] ;/sf/sf]] l:y/ k//fi6« gLlt xf] . k|hftflGqs hg–u0ftGq sf]l/ofsf] ;/sf/ / hgtfn] :jfwLgtf, zfllGt / d}qLsf] em08f cGtu{t g]kfnL hgtfl;t d}qL / ;xof]usf ax'kIfLo ;DaGw ljsl;t ug{ x/ ;Dej k|oTg ul/g} /xg] 5g\ .

       of] cj;/df d}qLk"0f{ g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ xflb{s z'e–sfdgf k7fpg rfxG5' / cfkm\gf] b]zsf] :jfwLgtf / /fi6«sf] Pstfsf] ;'/Iff ug]{ tyf k|hftflGqs / c;+nUg gofF ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f ug]{ k|oTgdf g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ c? gofF ;kmntf ldnf];\ eGg] sfdgf ub{5' .