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Nepal-China ties going strength to strength

25 September, 2017

 -Dr. Manju Ratna Sakya

President: Nepal Journalists Association


Nepal and China have shared cordial relations since they established diplomatic relations in 1955. However, both the friendly countries have been enjoying cultural, commercial and religious ties since the time immemorial. There are several historical references describing their high-level of visits and exchanges of ideas and cultures. According to a legend, great sage Manjushree came to Nepal from China to establish human settlement in Kathmandu. At that time the Kathmandu Valley was a big pond and Manjushree cut the gorge at Chovar to release water from the Valley.


In the first century, Buddhism spread to China via Tibet, boosting the Sino-Nepal ties at the people to people level. Now Buddhism has become an important factor in bringing the government and the people between the two nations to ever closer. Giving new impetus to Sino-Nepal bonhomie, Nepali princess Bhrikuti was married to Tibetan king Tsrong Chong Gompo in the 7th century. This defined Nepal-China ties at both level – the government and the people. Come 13th century, renowned Nepali artist Arniko popularized the pagoda style of architecture in China. Various Buddhist scholars went to China and translated books into Chinese and Tibetan languages to further spread the wisdom of Buddha.


After the People’s Republic of China was established and Nepal entered into a multiparty democracy, the relations between them were developed based on the Panchasheel (the five principles of peaceful existence) and the UN Charter. The modern ties have been nourished by the high level understanding, mutual cooperation and respect for each other’s sovereignty and socio-political system. King Mahendra,  King Birendra , BP Koirala, Chairman Mao and Premier Zhou Enlai are considered the architects of Nepal-China relations.Nepal-China relations gathered further momentum when paramount leader Deng Xiaoping visited Nepal in 1978, which opened ‘friendship highway’ and led to an accord on the air connectivity between the two nations.


Nepal has adhered to ‘One China Policy’ and never allowed its territory to be used against China. Nepal also helped China in becoming the member of United Nations. China has been a true friend of Nepal and has been extending economic support to the latter by building  roads, industries and buildings, among others. Now China is the largest foreign investor in Nepal. Nepal stands to benefit from its advanced technology, management skills and able human resources.  Nepal is now also the part of President Xi’s signature development project – One Bet One Road (BRI) - which seeks robust connectivity among Asia, Africa and Europe.  


Nepal had signed landmark trade and transit treaty with China in a historic move to lessen Nepal dependency on India. Nepal stands to get immense benefits from Belt and Road Initiative. Nepal needs to come up with concrete development projects to boost connectivity, trade, economic integration, cultural exchange and people to people ties under the Belt and Road.


China is now the world second largest economy and a leader of globalization. China’s peaceful rise on the global stage is a matter of great satisfaction and happiness for Nepal. Chinese President Xi Jinping has transformed himself into a global leader committed the global problems related to climate change, trade and infrastructure development. Here I would like to quote Xi’s remarks on China’s diplomacy with neighboring nations. “We should treat neighboring nation as friends and partners, to make them feel secure and to support their development,” said Xi.


China is not only the old friend of Nepal, it is one of the most trusted and reliable friendly country of  Nepal too. Nepal have the good faith and trust with China which is proved by our history. In this lovely country, Nepal Journalists Association (NJA) have the exchange of journalist visit  programme with All-China Journalists Association (ACJA) since March 1980.


Under this programme, the journalists delegation between NJA and ACJA are exchanging visit up till now. The last visit of six members NJA delegation under my leadership was in China on 15th June 2016. Likewise, the six member Chinese journalists delegation of ACJA is likely to visit Nepal this year at the invitation of NJA.


Situated at No. 7 Zhushikou East Street, Chongwen District of Beijing, All-China Journalists Association (ACJA) is a national non-governmental organization of China's press circle. Its predecessor, China's Young Journalists Society was established in 8th November 1937. As a national non-governmental organization, ACJA has 217 group members including national media like Xinhua News Agency, the People's Daily, CCTV etc., local journalists, professional journalists associations and major institutions engaged in journalists education and research.


The supreme decision-making of ACJA is Board of Directors with five years in each term. The Board is elected by the group members, consists of heads of media organizations, press elite and outstanding editors, reporters and program hosts. The Chairman and Vice Chairmen are elected by the Standing Committee of the Board. The Secretariat is appointed also by the Standing Committee, is in charge of Association's daily affairs. ACJA has the Domestic Work Department, the International Liaison Department, the office for Taiwan, Hongkong and Macao Affairs, the Internet Center and the General Office. ACJA has so far in various forms established exchange and cooperation with many foreign journalist associations and press organizations.


Regarding Tibet, we would like to mention here that Tibet is an integral part, province and parcel of China. In Nepal, we will not allow any activities that aim at disturbing Chinese Suzerainty over Tibet. The soil, water, air and even climate of Nepal will never be allowed to be used for anti-Chinese activities at any cost in our country.